Tatiana Chernigovskaya, “I’m a NEUROSCIENTIST, AND ME…

Tatiana Chernigovskaya, “I’m a NEUROSCIENTIST, AND I was afraid of the VANITY of the PARENTS” ⠀ Modern parents literally obsessed with the development of A slip children kids educational games and record them to various courses, almost from the cradle, being firmly convinced that it will give their children many advantages in life ⠀ However, the famous Russian psycholinguist and neuroscientist, St. Petersburg state University Professor Tatiana Chernigovskaya thinks otherwise ⠀ In his lecture “How to teach the brain to learn,” she explains that it is important not to stuff the child with knowledge, how to teach it correctly to use the brain in Other words, teach him to learn ! ⠀ Here is what Tatiana Chernigovskaya: For children it is important to start to study in time the Main problem of the modern child — in vain parents ⠀ When I say: “I have your son in two years began to learn to read,” I say, “what a fool!” Why is it necessary ? It two years still can’t do it ! His brain is not ready for this ! ⠀ If you adressierte — it is, of course, will read and maybe even write, but we have another task in General, children have a huge spread in the rate of development There is a term — “the age of school maturity” It is defined as: one child 7 years and another 7 years, but one goes to school, because his brain is ready, and the second should be another year and a half at home with a bear to play and then sit at the Desk ⠀ 🤔According to official data, we have more than 40% of children have difficulties with reading and writing at the end of primary school And even in the 7th grade there are those who badly reads ⠀ 😴such children Have all the cognitive power of the brain it takes to Wade through the letters So if he reads through the text, understand the meaning of strength is not enough, and any question on the subject put him in a deadlock ⠀ ✅1 Develop fine motor skills ⠀ If a small child came to school, not learning the letter, getting used to small subtle movements of the handle, if kindergarten is nothing he sculpts, cuts with scissors, not fingering the beads, his fine motor is not produced And this is something that affects speech function If you do not develop the child’s fine motor skills, then don’t complain when his brain is not working have ✅2 Listen to the music and teach to the children ⠀ Modern neuroscience study active brain at that time when it affects the music And we now know that when the Music involved in the development of man at an early age this greatly affects the structure and quality of the neural network When we perceive speech, is very sophisticated processing of the physical signal in the ear, We hit decibels, intervals, but it’s all physics, the Ear listens and hears the brain When a child learns music , he used to pay attention to the small details to distinguish the sounds and the duration between them And it was at this time formed a thin cut of a neural network ⠀ ✅3 do Not let the brain idle ⠀ Not all people on our planet brilliant And if the child has bad genes, then there is nothing you can do But even if genes are good this is still not enough From grandma can get a great piano, but it is necessary to learn to play Exactly the same child can get a wonderful brain, but if he doesn’t develop, formed, ogranichetsya, tune — let the thing die ⠀ Brain is sick, if he has no cognitive load If you lie on the sofa and half will lie, then you will not be able to get up And brain is exactly the same thing ⠀ ✅4 Not sharpen children only under the exam ⠀ I think every person understands that if Shakespeare, Mozart, Pushkin, Brodsky, and other outstanding artists would try to pass the exam, they would have failed the IQ test would have failed ⠀ what does this mean? Just that the IQ test is no good, because no one doubts the genius of Mozart, but a crazy ⠀ There is such a cartoon, it depicts animals that have to climb a tree: monkey, elephant fish and Different creatures, some of which, in principle, to climb a tree but this is exactly what offers us the modern system of education in the subject of our special pride — the exam have I think this is a very great harm If we want to make to the lives of people, who will work on the Assembly line, it is certainly fitting system ⠀ But then we have to say: all, we in the development of our civilization we Will keep Venice as possible, that it did not sink, and brand new we do not have enough masterpieces, nowhere to put them ✅5 Teach boys and girls differently ⠀ Talking with the boys need to briefly and specifically, For maximum effect they should be involved in active activities, it is simply impossible to sit still they Have so much energy it is best to try to direct it in a peaceful way, to give vent to, and right during the classes don’t lock them in a small confined space, give them space and opportunity to move additionally, the boys need to put more realistic goals , come up with contests, and boring writing tasks to give less, have no use for it And they definitely need praise for any little thing 👍🏽 And here’s another interesting fact: it turns out that boys should be raised in cooler areas than girls because otherwise they have during class, just go to sleep ⠀ Girls love to work in a group, they need contact, They stare into each other’s eyes and love to help the teacher ⠀ this is very important: girls must be protected from drops and dirt, they need to be “controlled risk” Is the possibility of her falling — let them fall and learn to cope with this, Girls do not like sudden loud conversations, but require the indispensable emotional turn, and they love the colourful world, that is the class for training the girls should be bright ⠀ friendly, personal approach of the losers do honors Not all losers, real losers, some of them, like Leonardo Da Vinci, forever gone thanks to the brilliant efforts of teachers ⠀ ✅6 Take breaks ⠀ Generally considered that if in the process of learning the child forgot something — this is bad, distracted, bad, break done — too bad, but if fell asleep — generally a nightmare ⠀ It’s all wrong All these interruptions is not merely interference with memorizing the material and processing information, a contrary — They give the brain the opportunity to lay, digesting the information received to the Best we can do if we need something urgently to learn right for tomorrow, is to read right now and quickly go to sleep, the Main work of the brain comes at a time when we are asleep ⠀ to information in long-term memory, it takes time and certain chemical processes that take place during sleep ⠀ Constant tension from the fact that you do not have time, something did not work, again error nothing comes out is the worst thing you can imagine cause can Not be afraid of mistakes to learn it easier, we need to realize that learning is always and not only at the Desk If the person is just sitting at his Desk and pretends that he learns nothing useful will come☝🏼have

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